Analysis and Studies - Products analysis
Coffee: an overview
February 13th 2024
Coffee is a beverage brewed from roasted coffee beans. It has a stimulating effect oh humans, primarily due to its caffeine content. It has the highest sales in the world market for hot drinks.
The seeds of the Coffea plant’s fruits are separated to produce unroasted green coffee beans. The beans are roasted and the ground into fine particles typically steeped in hot water before being filtered out, and then producing a cup of coffee. It is usually served hot, although chilled or iced coffee is common. Coffee can be presented in a variety of ways: espresso, French press and …
Over 90 percent of coffee production comes about developing countries—mainly South America—while consumption happens primarily in industrialized economies. There are 25 million small producers who rely on coffee for a living worldwide. In Brazil, where almost a third of the world's coffee is produced, over five million people are employed in the cultivation and harvesting of over three billion coffee plants; it is a more labor-intensive culture than alternative cultures of the same regions, such as sugar cane or cattle, as its cultivation is not automated, requiring frequent human attention.
In 2021, world production of green coffee beans was 9.9 million tonnes, led by Brazil with 30% of the total (table). Vietnam, Indonesia, and Colombia were other major producers. Nearly 90 countries export coffee cherries, 60 of them developing countries, with coffee constituting the main export revenue for countries such as Burundi, Ethiopia, Rwanda, and formerly Haiti.
The sizeable ringmaster by far is Brazil (almost 30% of world production in 2015), followed by Vietnam, Colombia, Indonesia, and Ethiopia. Coffee production provides a living for about twenty-five million people, mainly small-scale producers, while imports, processing, and distribution provide a living for about one hundred to one hundred and ten million people.
In 2022, Coffee were the Germany's 73rd most traded product, with a total trade of €4.04B. Between 2021 and 2022 the exports of Coffee grew by 44.4%, from €2.85B to €4.04B. Trade in Coffee represent 0.26% of total Germany trade.